What do Erna Solberg, Sanna Marin, Katrín Jakobsdóttir and Mette Frederiksen have in widespread aside from all 4 being feminine prime ministers (of Norway, Finland, Iceland and Denmark, respectively)? The reply is that their international locations have a lot decrease charges of Covid-19 an infection than male-led neighbouring nations resembling Eire, Sweden and the UK.
Are these details related? There’s a rising physique of proof to counsel they could be.
Alongside an summary of gender parity in 100 international locations by digital financial institution N26, it has additionally famous that Finland, with a inhabitants of 5.5 million, has had simply over 370 deaths, a fee of round 60 deaths per million folks. The UK loss of life fee is greater than 10 occasions that. After all they’re very totally different international locations, however there have been equally low Covid loss of life charges within the different female-led northern European nations. Norway has seen 57 deaths per 1 million, Iceland 73 and Denmark 135 in comparison with 412 in Eire, 626 in Sweden and 820 per 1 million within the UK.
Different international locations with a feminine chief, notably Germany and New Zealand, have additionally saved Covid infections low.
Evaluation earlier this 12 months, revealed by the Centre for Financial Coverage Analysis and the World Financial Discussion board, suggests the distinction is actual and could also be defined by the “proactive and coordinated coverage responses” adopted by feminine leaders.
If there’s a correlation between managing Covid and having a lady on the helm, the world can be a greater place for figuring out that and for different leaders having the ability to study from it. The reality, as with every thing to do with Covid, is that it’s most likely too early to make any agency assertions. Day by day circumstances and deaths from the virus in Germany, led by chancellor Angela Merkel, at the moment are rising. The nation is closing its non-essential retailers and imposing a harsher nationwide lockdown from 16 December.
These sceptical that particular person girls in positions of energy are very totally different from males don’t have too far to look. The legacy of Margaret Thatcher as the primary feminine UK prime minister continues to be fiercely debated; but it surely’s extensively agreed that she did little for ladies’s rights per se. Former house secretary Theresa Might created the poisonous “hostile atmosphere” that ended within the Windrush scandal. The current UK house secretary, Priti Patel, avows an authoritarian stance that’s even harsher than the regulation and order insurance policies of the 1980s, whereas her private model as a frontrunner has led to the resignation of the federal government’s personal unbiased adviser on ethics. Not a lot of an advert for feminine management. Depressingly, as Catherine Bennett has written, there are at all times girls ready to do males’s soiled work.
What actually counts is attending to what was once known as the tipping level, usually reckoned as having greater than a 3rd of positions of energy held by girls in any organisation.
UK public providers, as in lots of different international locations, nonetheless have extra girls decrease down the pay scale and fewer girls in senior positions. Analysis reveals that the glass ceiling remains to be firmly in place for civil servants, NHS workers, native authorities employees and charities.
Even in Finland, as an illustration, the place most authorities ministers are girls, activists wanting reform on cultural points have mentioned that having the youngest feminine chief of a rustic – prime minister Sanna Marin – counts for little till change has the help of the system behind the prime minister.
This isn’t, ultimately, nearly girls. It’s about parity and about politicians of all genders creating techniques which might be honest and only for their residents. This 12 months has highlighted greater than every other how present inequalities, whether or not gender, race or class, depart folks susceptible to crises. Throughout Europe, home abuse has risen through the pandemic, and Covid has additionally had a big impact on the lives of working girls. That’s as a result of unpaid care and household tasks nonetheless fall overwhelmingly on girls. Extra girls than males work part-time, creating not only a gender pay hole however a gender pension hole as properly.
Human techniques will perform higher when they’re extra like what nature author Robert Macfarlane, in his guide Underland, describes because the hidden infrastructure of forests. Analysis has discovered that forests are supportive communities, related below the Earth’s floor by a “wood-wide internet” of connection, sharing assets and vitamins.
Many ladies know the way exhausting they nonetheless need to work to realize equality with males. And plenty of will even acknowledge that it’s networks, peer help, mentoring, moms, sisters, buddies that allow them to get by.
There are indicators of change. The N26 equality survey notes that regardless of many losses for ladies this 12 months, Germany has accepted landmark laws setting a authorized quota for gender in boardrooms, whereas extra lately (and visibly) Kamala Harris turns into the primary feminine US vice-president on 20 January, 2021, to not point out that greater than 23% of US congress members at the moment are feminine. There may be nonetheless clearly room for enchancment, however all will not be misplaced. Politicians have the chance to maneuver in the appropriate path.
• Jane Dudman is the Guardian’s public management editor