While you’re on the lookout for work, there are a selection of causes you won’t need to or be capable to decide to working full-time hours. And if you wish to have extra stability than freelance or contract work normally brings, you’ll probably choose to search for a part-time job. Otherwise you is perhaps provided a part-time place and surprise if it’s price taking. Just about each business hires part-time staff.
Listed here are a few of the primary logistical questions you may want solutions to earlier than you pursue part-time work.
How Many Hours Is Half Time?
“For many firms, full-time employment is between 30-40 hours per week, whereas part-time is lower than 30 hours every week,” says Samantha Reynolds, Communications Coordinator at Helpside, which has labored with 1000’s of companies to advise them of authorized necessities and finest practices for hiring staff, each full-time and part-time. However as a result of “there is no such thing as a authorized definition offered by the Division of Labor for full-time or part-time employment,” Reynolds says, every group will typically set their very own. In Muse profession coach Jennifer Sukola’s expertise, folks with half time jobs sometimes work 15 to 29 hours per week. Nevertheless, some employers will contemplate anybody working lower than 40 hours per week a part-time worker.
For a lot of office-based part-time jobs, staff could have a set schedule the place they work the identical hours each week, Reynolds says. Nevertheless, these hours could fluctuate by season (for instance, in the event you work for an accounting agency, you may probably count on extra hours throughout tax season) or based mostly on sure firm wants like massive tasks and occasions. Exterior of workplace work, part-time staff could also be extra topic to fluctuating hours and shifts. Relying on the corporate and place, part-time staff might need some say and/or flexibility in setting their weekly schedules, which is good for staff with duties outdoors of labor similar to college, caretaking duties, or one other job.
Do Half-Time Jobs Have Advantages?
Very similar to the variety of hours you’ll work in a part-time job, the advantages you’ll be eligible for will depend upon the place you’re employed. Many firms select to solely provide advantages—similar to dental insurance coverage or a childcare allowance—to full-time staff. Others select to supply some or all of their advantages to part-time staff as effectively. A number of of the advantages generally provided to part-time staff are paid holidays, life insurance coverage, and paid time without work (PTO), Reynolds says.
Although some particular person states and cities have extra worker-friendly advantages legal guidelines, there are just a few legally protected advantages on the federal stage that part-time staff anyplace within the nation could also be assured relying on their precise state of affairs:
Well being Insurance coverage
When folks within the U.S. discuss advantages, medical insurance is normally high of thoughts. Whereas some employers do provide medical insurance to some or all part-time staff, many don’t. Nevertheless, the Reasonably priced Care Act (ACA), a.ok.a., Obamacare, requires that any employer with greater than 50 full-time staff should present healthcare protection to those that work greater than 30 hours per week or 130 hours general in a given calendar month—or they’ll must pay a penalty. So even when your employer considers you a part-time worker since you work lower than 40 hours per week, you should still be legally entitled to medical insurance protection.
The Household and Medical Depart Act (FMLA) is a U.S. regulation that requires staff be allowed to take as much as 12 weeks of unpaid go away—with out dropping their jobs—for sure causes: the worker (or their partner) has given start, the worker has adopted a baby or taken a foster youngster into their dwelling, the worker has to take care of a direct member of the family with a severe well being situation, or the worker themself has a severe well being situation. In the event you’ve been employed by an organization for not less than one 12 months, you’ve labored 1,250 hours within the 12 months previous your go away (or about 25 hours per week), and your employer has greater than 50 staff, you might be legally allowed to take FMLA go away, whilst a part-time worker, Reynolds says.
Extra time Pay
Extra time pay—which have to be not less than one and a half instances your regular pay price—kicks in once you’ve labored greater than 40 hours per week. All non-exempt part- and full-time staff are eligible for time beyond regulation pay once they work greater than 40 hours in seven consecutive days. (Exempt staff are typically salaried government, administrative, skilled, pc, and outdoors gross sales professionals whose duties meet sure necessities and who make greater than $684 per week or $35,568 yearly.) Although part-time staff typically gained’t be working greater than 40 hours per week, it might probably occur sometimes if there’s a busy season, for example, or in the event that they’re taking up a shift to cowl for a colleague. Some states and cities have larger thresholds for the salaries of exempt staff and/or a set variety of hours labored inside a given day earlier than time beyond regulation kicks in, so you’ll want to examine your native employment legal guidelines.
What Sorts of Jobs Can Be Half Time?
When you may suppose that part-time jobs exist primarily in retail and meals companies, “Practically each business may have a necessity for part-time staff in an workplace setting,” as effectively, Reynolds says. Industries like landscaping, hospitality, and manufacturing usually want seasonal administrative assist. And early-stage startups usually rent part-time staff in a spread of roles once they’re not but prepared for full-time staff, both financially or workload-wise, Reynolds says.
Some part-time workplace jobs could have phrases like assistant, coordinator, or clerk within the title, Reynolds says. However part-time jobs can include just about any title and you may seek for any kind of function with a part-time schedule. For instance, some firms rent part-time mission managers or software program engineers. There are additionally many part-time workplace roles which can be primarily stuffed by “job sharing,” the place two part-time staff share the duties of 1 full-time job, Reynolds says. “For instance, a medical workplace could have a morning receptionist and a day receptionist.”
Why Would You Select a Half-Time Job Over a Full-Time Job?
Half-time jobs have a number of benefits over full-time jobs and could be the better option for sure folks, conditions, and life. For instance, part-time work could provide:
- Extra time outdoors of labor, which is “engaging to staff who’ve obligations outdoors of labor that take their consideration,” similar to parenting, going to highschool, or caring for different members of the family, Reynolds says.
- A secure stream of revenue for somebody who’s working within the gig financial system or who has different skilled pursuits, Sukola says. So for instance, in case your facet hustle is bringing in some cash, but it surely’s not sufficient to help you but or it’s inconsistent, you may take a part-time job to complement your revenue whilst you develop that enterprise.
- Shorter shifts, which are perfect for youngsters, faculty college students, individuals who have retired from their full-time jobs, or folks with persistent sicknesses or in different conditions which will make lengthy hours troublesome.
- Additional revenue, which you’ll want in case your full-time job isn’t paying sufficient to reside on.
- Expertise in a brand new area for these coming into the workforce or altering careers, Sukola says.
In the event you’re seeking to work 15 or 20 or 28 hours per week somewhat than full-time, you may seek for part-time roles on The Muse. As you do, ensure you’re clear on the expectations an employer has for the place up entrance, Reynolds says. What number of hours might be anticipated? Will you might have a say in your schedule? Will the corporate give you advantages? Will the function at all times be part-time? If the job description doesn’t reply these questions, you may at all times ask in an interview.